US is going through severe cutting of trees i.e. deforestation as it has hit the record of deforestation of past seven years in the period of six months under the presidency of Jair Bolsonaro this year 2022. Satellite image shown overall 4,000 square kilometer of all forest destroyed during first half of the 2022 which is four times the size of New York City.
The fact that the tree felling is taking place during the wet season is a significant factor that contributes to the startling nature of the data. The second half of the year, when it is drier and more convenient to travel on the region’s unpaved roads, has traditionally been the time of year with the highest rate of deforestation.
In October, Brazil will also host presidential elections, which will normally result in a reduction in law enforcement throughout the Amazon. Bolsonaro has announced his intention to run for a second four-year term. Polls show that he is currently in second place, behind former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.
According to a research conducted by the Amazon Environmental Research Institute, or IPAM, a Brazilian nonprofit organisation, the land that was destroyed in the first half of 2022 was eighty percent larger than the same period in 2018, which was the year before Bolsonaro entered office.
According to the investigation conducted by IPAM, approximately half of the cutting took place on public property. In Brazil, it has been common practise for criminals to take public land in the hope that the territory may one day be authorised for agricultural or cattle-raising purposes.
According to Ane Alencar, the science director of IPAM, other unlawful real estate and wood transactions, in addition to a lack of enforcement, are contributing factors in the rising rates of deforestation.
In a phone conversation, Alencar told the Associated Press that those who govern the Amazon do not want it conserved. “Those who control the Amazon do not want it saved.” In today’s Amazon, the value of the standing forest has completely disappeared.
The state of Amazonas was responsible for the highest deforestation, surpassing both Para and Mato Grosso, which are typically the states that record the most tree loss historically. This pattern is cause for concern given that Amazonas is located deep within the Amazonian rainforest and, in comparison to other Amazon regions, has maintained its natural state.
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